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《哈奇法案》是什么?白宮顧問涉嫌違法?

Renae Reints 2019年06月18日

美國特別檢察官辦公室在上周四稱,康韋在以白宮顧問的官方身份發言時,經常攻擊民主黨總統候選人。

一家聯邦監察部門在上周四建議,白宮顧問凱莉安妮·康韋應被免職,原因是她違反了《哈奇法》(Hatch Act),這部誕生于1939年的法律要求,應限制受聯邦政府資助的雇員參與政治活動。

《哈奇法》規定,任何行政雇員均不得競選黨派政治職位,也不得“利用其官方權力或影響力干涉或影響選舉或提名的結果”。該法案原名為《防止有害政治活動法案》,但后來以法案作者、前新墨西哥州參議員卡爾·哈奇的名字命名。

美國特別檢察官辦公室(一個聯邦監管部門,并非前特別檢察官羅伯特·穆勒的辦公室)上周四稱,康韋是“慣犯”,已經屢次違反《哈奇法》,因為她在以白宮顧問的官方身份發言時,經常攻擊民主黨總統候選人。

康韋的認證推特賬戶雖然不屬于白宮官方頁面,但在其個人描述中包含了“顧問”一詞。康韋使用這個賬號批評過多位2020年總統選舉候選人,包括喬·拜登(“不知道2019年的喬·拜登是否和2012年的喬·拜登持相同意見”)、參議員柯爾斯滕·吉利布蘭德(“另一個騎墻派大騙子”)和知名度不高的眾議員埃里克·斯瓦爾威爾(“他在最近的民調中根本沒有記錄”)。

康韋還曾經在推特上諷刺紐約市市長白思豪在5月的一場籌款活動上只召集了一小波人參加,她自己致完辭后,在推特上寫道:“大小很重要,白思豪。事情該這么做。”她還在電視采訪中談論黨派政治。

白宮辯稱,特別檢察官辦公室的指控違反了康韋的言論自由。該法律規定,“雇員保留其選擇投票的權利,以及就政治議題和候選人發表意見的權利”,只有在以官方身份行事時,才禁止發表政治活動主張。

根據該法律,特別檢察官辦公室應該將其調查結果提交給功績制保護委員會,后者將為涉事員工安排聽證會,以決定采取何種行動。(財富中文網)

譯者:Agatha

A federal watchdog recommended lastThursday that White House counselor Kellyanne Conway be removed from her post due to violations of the Hatch Act, a 1939 law that limits the political activity of federally financed employees.

The Hatch Act states that no administrative employee may run for partisan political office or “use his official authority or influence for the purpose of interfering with or affecting the result of an election or a nomination for office.” It was originally titled “an act to prevent pernicious political activities,” but has since been named for its author, former New Mexico Senator Carl Hatch.

The Office of Special Counsel (a federal watchdog not to be confused with the office of former Special Counsel Robert Mueller) said last Thursday that Conway is a “repeat offender” of the Hatch Act, as she frequently attacks Democratic presidential candidates while speaking in her official capacity as White House counselor.

Conway’s verified Twitter account, while not an official White House page, includes “Counselor” in its description. Conway has used the account to criticize various 2020 candidates, including Joe Biden (“wonder if Joe Biden 2019 agrees with Joe Biden 2012”), Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (“Another flip-flopper whopper”), and the little-known Rep. Eric Swalwell (“he literally doesn’t register in these latest #polls”).

Conway needled New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio for turning out a relatively small crowd at a fundraiser in May, tweeting “Size matters, deBlasio. This is how it’s done,” after her own successful address. She also addresses partisan politics in television interviews.

The White House has argued that the OSC’s allegations target Conway’s right to free speech. The law states “an employee retains the right to vote as he chooses and to express his opinion on political subjects and candidates;” it is only when acting in one’s official capacity that such opinionated political activities are prohibited.

According to the law, the OSC should present its findings to the Merit Systems Protection Board, which will then set a hearing for the employee in question to determine a course of action.

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