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是什么導致美國分化?IBM首席執行官說是這個原因

Robert Hackett 2019年06月18日

羅睿蘭認為,無論是在美國還是其他國家,分化很大程度上都是因為工作技能存在差距。

美國內外的政治氣候都表明,當前是極度分化的時代。與此同時,當前也是經濟和技術面臨巨大顛覆的時代。

IBM的首席執行官羅睿蘭認為,這兩種趨勢之間在本質上存在聯系,源自于同一個根本原因。上周一晚上,她在《財富》首席執行官倡議論壇上表示:“我認為,無論是在美國還是其他國家,分化很大程度上都是因為工作技能存在差距。”此次論壇在曼哈頓下城的瓦格納酒店舉行,商界領袖齊聚一堂,希望通過企業力量解決社會問題。

是什么像楔子一樣把各個社會階層分割開來的?答案是工作。正如羅睿蘭所述,挑戰在于提升數字時代變革的包容性,“這樣一來人們才能參與其中,而不是感覺受到威脅。”她說道,“我們希望全社會覺得照此發展下去前景光明。”

“不能只盯著大學學位,” 這位首席執行官說道。“體系必須為所有人服務。”

她提出的觀點已有實踐,2011年,IBM協助設計了一個教育項目,主要向弱勢群體提供機會從事科技行業。計劃的核心是布魯克林一所名為P-Tech的學校,混合了高中和大學水平的課程,以職業培訓和實習為重點。

科技行業一直都在為多樣性而努力,希望少數群體員工人數達到合理比例。羅睿蘭稱,P-Tech等項目的目標就是培養少數群體中的人才。

羅睿蘭表示,此類教育培訓是為“新領”工作做準備,所謂“新領”是將代指工薪階層的“藍領”一詞稍作了改動。在她看來,人們想改善生活,不必非要接受傳統的四年制大學教育。

羅睿蘭稱,成立以來已經有500家公司與IBM合作推進計劃。“我想,幾年內就將有數百萬孩子參與其中。”她說道。

“這不是履行企業社會責任,”羅睿蘭補充道,“更像是一種經濟責任。”(財富中文網)

譯者:艾倫

審校:夏林

These are times of great division, as the political climate in the U.S. and abroad makes clear. Not coincidentally, these are also times of great economic and technological disruption.

Virginia “Ginni” Rometty, chief executive of IBM, sees these trends as fundamentally linked, stemming from an underlying cause. “I believe so much of the division in our country and other countries roots down to this skills issue,” she said last Monday evening at Fortune’s CEO Initiative, a forum that convenes corporate leaders committed to addressing social problems through their businesses. The event took place at the Wagner Hotel in lower Manhattan.

The wedge separating layers of the social strata? Jobs. The challenge, as Rometty described it, is to make the transformations of the digital era inclusive, “so people can participate in it and not feel threatened by it,” she said. “We want society to feel there’s a good way forward on this.”

“It can’t just be about college degrees,” the executive said. “The system has got to work for everyone.”

To her point, IBM helped design an education program in 2011 geared toward providing disadvantaged populations with an opportunity to get ahead in the technology industry. At its heart is a Brooklyn school, called P-Tech, that blends high school and college level courses with an emphasis on vocational training and internships.

The technology industry has long struggled with diversity, equitably representing minorities across its workforces. Programs such as P-Tech aim to cultivate talent from these segments of the population, Rometty said.

IBM’s chief executive calls this type of education training for “new collar” jobs, a play on the term “blue collar,” which refers to working-class gigs. In her view, people should be able to make a good living without needing a traditional 4-year degree.

Rometty said 500 companies have since joined IBM as partners on the initiative. “I think we’ll get to a couple million kids in a few years,” she said.

“This is not corporate social responsibility,” Rometty added. “It’s more of an economic responsibility.”

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