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美國申請失業補助人數創出4個月來新高

彭博社 2018年11月26日

美國申請失業補助的人數上周升到自6月底以來的最高,可能反映了假期相關聯的數據波動性,而勞動力市場實際上還是強勁的。

美國勞工部于上周三公布的數據顯示,截至11月17日當周,首次申請失業救濟人數增加3000人至224000人。相比之下,彭博社經濟學家的調查顯示,中位數估計為215000,并在前一周向上修正到了221000。四周平均值,波動性較小,數據上升至218500。

關鍵洞察

分析師可能會特別關注這些數據,因為這一周包括本月12日,與美國勞工部截止于12月7日的11月就業報告的調查期起始日一致。這一結果也可能反映了老兵節放假期間的波動,而今年老兵節是在11月12日周一過的。加州的野火可能導致了失業人數的增加,因為通常災難會引起短期失業人數增加。即便如此,申請失業救濟的人數也還在歷史低位徘徊,凸顯市場對工人的強勁需求,也有助于提升工資。這種良好的狀況,以及較低的稅收支撐著消費者支出,而這是經濟的最大組成部分。延后一周的報告顯示,在截至11月10日的一周內,失業保險覆蓋的人數下降了2000至167萬。這一數據仍然接近自1973年以來的最低點。

更多消息

據美國勞工部稱,上周沒有任何一個州預測有新的失業救濟申請。由于11月22日是全國感恩節放假,申請失業救濟人數數據比慣常的每周四提前了一天公布。每周的新申請失業救助的數據往往不穩定,經濟學家會經常觀察這些數據,以便及時了解勞動力市場是否正常。(財富中文網)

譯者:宣峰

Jobless claims increased by 3,000 to 224,000 in the week ended Nov. 17, Labor Department figures showed last Wednesday. That compares with the 215,000 median estimate in a Bloomberg survey of economists and follows an upwardly revised 221,000 in the prior week. The four-week average, a less-volatile measure, rose to 218,500.

Key Insights

Analysts may pay extra attention to the data because the week included the 12th of the month, which lines up with the survey period for the Labor Department’s November employment report, due Dec. 7. The results may also reflect volatility around the Veterans Day holiday, which was observed on the 12th, a Monday. Wildfires in California could be potentially boosting claims, as disasters are typically associated with a temporary increase. Even with the rise, applications for unemployment benefits are hovering around historically low levels, underscoring strong demand for workers that’s helping to increase wages. Such gains along with lower taxes are supporting consumer spending, the biggest part of the economy. Continuing claims, which are reported with a one-week lag, fell by 2,000 to 1.67 million in the week ended Nov. 10, the report showed. They are still near the lowest since 1973.

Get More

No states had estimated claims last week, according to the Labor Department. The jobless claims data, typically due on Thursday each week, were released a day early because of the national Thanksgiving holiday on Nov. 22.While the weekly claims data tend to be volatile, economists watch these figures for a timely read on the labor market’s health.

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